The species was first described by German naturalist Johann Christian Daniel von Schreber in his 1775 publication Die Säugethiere in Abbildungen nach der Natur mit Beschreibungen.
Although the cheetah is an African cat, molecular evidence indicates that the three species of the Puma lineage evolved in North America two to three million years ago, where they possibly had a common ancestor during the Miocene.
Cheetahs are induced ovulators, breeding throughout the year.
Gestation is nearly three months long, resulting in a litter of typically three to five cubs (the number can vary from one to eight).
Weaning occurs at six months; siblings tend to stay together for some time.
Cheetah cubs face higher mortality than most other mammals, especially in the Serengeti region.
By late 2016-early 2017, the cheetah's global population had fallen to approximately 7,100 individuals in the wild due to habitat loss, poaching, the illegal pet trade, and conflict with humans, with researchers suggesting that the animal be immediately reclassified as "Endangered" on the IUCN Red List.
(Acinonyx jubatus) is a large felid of the subfamily Felinae that occurs mainly in eastern and southern Africa and a few parts of Iran.
The only extant member of the genus Acinonyx, the cheetah was first described by Johann Christian Daniel von Schreber in 1775.
Adult males are sociable despite their territoriality, forming groups called "coalitions".
Females are not territorial; they may be solitary or live with their offspring in home ranges.