Berlioz wrote in 1844: Notwithstanding the real loftiness and distinguished nature of its quality of tone, there are few instruments that have been more degraded (than the trumpet).Down to Beethoven and Weber, every composer – not excepting Mozart – persisted in confining it to the unworthy function of filling up, or in causing it to sound two or three commonplace rhythmical formulae.
The 20th century saw an explosion in the amount and variety of music written for the trumpet.
Most trumpets have valves of the piston type, while some have the rotary type.
The use of rotary-valved trumpets is more common in orchestral settings, although this practice varies by country.
Although the impetus for a tubular valve began as early as 1793, it was not until 1818 that Friedrich Bluhmel and Heinrich Stölzel made a joint patent application for the box valve as manufactured by W. The symphonies of Mozart, Beethoven, and as late as Brahms, were still played on natural trumpets.
Crooks and shanks (removable tubing of various lengths) as opposed to keys or valves were standard, notably in France, into the first part of the 20th century.