In professional settings massage clients are treated while lying on a massage table, sitting in a massage chair, or lying on a mat on the floor, while in amateur settings a general purpose surface like a bed or floor is more common.Aquatic massage and bodywork is performed with recipients submersed or floating in a warm-water therapy pool.Techniques are commonly applied using hands, fingers, elbows, knees, forearm, feet, or a device.The purpose of massage is generally promoted as treatment for stress or pain.Later in the 11th century copies were translated back into Latin, and again in the 15th and 16th centuries, when they helped enlighten European scholars as to the achievements of the Ancient Greeks.This renewal of the Galenic tradition during the Renaissance played a very important part in the rise of modern science.Massage is referred to in 30 different chapters of the Nei Jing.It specifies the use of different massage techniques and how they should be used in the treatment of specific ailments, and injuries.
There are many private practitioners working from their own premises as well as those who operate from commercial venues.
Also known as "The Yellow Emperor's Inner Canon", the text refers to previous medical knowledge from the time of the Yellow Emperor (approx 2700 BC), misleading some into believing the text itself was written during the time of the Yellow Emperor (which would predate written history).
BC 300 Charaka Samhita believed to be the oldest of the three ancient treatises of Ayurvedic medicine, including massage.
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